Requirements for Open Access

Both on institutional, national and international levels, the requirements for open access are increasing. Nord University’s Open Access policy establishes the local guidelines for OA publishing at Nord University.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​The Norwegian government has also developed national goals and guidelines for OA. The Norwegian Research Council (NFR) and the EU require – e.g. through Plan S – that all scholarly publications they fund must be published open access.​

Open Access policy at Nord University​

Summary of Nord University’s OA policy:

National ​goals and guidelines for Open Access to research articles

The aim of the Norwegian Government is that all publicly funded Norwegian research articles shall be openly accessible within 2024. The Government has therefore established guidelines and measures for Open Access to research articles.​

Summary of the Norwegian Government’s goals and g​​​​uidelines:

    • Researchers must publish in Open Access journals as long as this is academically justifiable
    • Only in special cases may articles based on public funding be published in journals that do not allow articles to be made accessible in open repositories
    • All publicly funded research articles must be deposited in a suitable repository no later than at the time of publication
    • Institutions that finance research projects shall contribute to covering the costs of Open publication​

The Research​ Council of Norway (NFR)

If your project is funded by the Research Council of Norway (NFR), different regulations ​concerning Open Access apply depending on the time of the call.​

Calls from 2014 onwards:

Calls from 2021 (Plan S):

    • Researchers applying for NFR projects from 2021 onwards, should include costs for Open Access articles in the indirect costs of the project, while OA books and book chapters should be included in the direct costs of the project
    • When submitting your manuscript, you have to inform the publisher through the following statement that Plan S requirements apply to the article:

      This research was funded, in whole or in part, by The Research Council of Norway [6-digit project number]. A CC BY or equivalent licence is applied to any Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) version arising from this submission, in accordance with the grant’s open access conditions.

    • NFR’s support of Plan S entails requirements for immediate self-archiving and use of licences​
    • If the realisation of the project deviates from the contract, NFR can stop further payments to the project
    • In case of deviations from and/or breaches of the contract, the NFR will demand repayment of the disbursed allocations from the project owner
    • NFR may cancel the contract when the project owner has violated their obligations to archive publications
    • NFR's general terms as of 1 January 2021​ - see no.s 10, 17 & 18
​Read more about NFR and Plan S on NFR's website​

The EU​

If your project is funded by ​the EU, regulations ​concerning Open Access vary according to  the EU programme in question.

Horizon 2020 (2014-2020)

    • A machine-readable electronic version of the publishers PDF or final manuscript version (postprint) must be deposited to a suitable repository, e.g. Nord Open. The article must be archived as soon as possible, and no later than at the time of publication
    • Please note: This also applies if you have published your article Open Access (gold or hybrid OA)
    • Once your publication has been ​​deposited, Open Access shall be ensured via the chosen repository. The maximum embargo period is 6 months for articles in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) journals and 12 months for SSH (Social Sciences and Humanities) journals.
    • Metadata on the publication is made openly accessible immediately, without embargo, so that the publication becomes searchable and findable in the archive

Horizon Europe (2021-2027)

The EU's support of Plan S entails several requirements of immediate self-archiving and use of licences​​​​​​​