PhD course – Governance in the High North: implications for Arctic private and public sector

23 mai 2016 00:00 - 27 april 2016 00:00

Nord University, Bodø and Russia

The course will consist of two parts, the first one taking place 23rd – 27th May 2016 in Bodø (Nord University). The second gathering is to be arranged in 2 days in September/ October 2016 in Russia.

ECTS credits: 7,5
Level of course: PhD
Language of instruction: English
Course Responsible: Professor Anatoli Bourmistrov and Associate professor Elena Dybtsyna, Business School, Nord University

The course will consist of two parts, the first one taking place 23rd–27th May 2016 in Bodø (Nord University). The second gathering is to be arranged in 2 days in September/ October 2016 in Russia.

The objective of the course
The overall aim of the course is to learn and reflect upon multidisciplinary andmulti- theoretical research approaches to governance in the context of the High North: what areimplications for Arctic private and public sector. This course will focus on the particular 'level' of governance associated with a type of organization (including, e.g. public governance, global governance, and corporate governance). Firstly, it will be identified the nature of the concept itself, secondly, it will be considered in the framework of the relevant theories, and then the different examples of implications of the governance for public sector, corporate industry and global actors will be discussed. Active participation at the conference “High North Dialogue Conference 2016: The blue Future of the Arctic” will give an exemplification of the governance issues in the context of the High North. The scenario workshop is an important section of the first part of the course. During the scenario workshop, students will learn about different methodologies for scenario building and use one of them to produce scenarios. They will be working in multidisciplinary groups on specific scenario topic developed by relevant stakeholders in the Arctic and relevant for the High North Dialogue conference.

Governance is a broad issue that is addressed, analyzed, and understood in divergingways. The literature on governance has a long tradition and embraces disciplines ranging from public administration, planning, policy sciences, to economics. This course will give an overview of governance and how to reflect upon it in the different contexts. The governance concept refers to the creation of a structure or an order “which cannot be externally imposed but is the result of the interaction of a multiplicity of governing and each other influencing actors” (Kooiman and van Vliet, 1996). Governance is concerned with creating conditions for ordered rule and collective action (Stocker, 1998), which in turn leads to the “creation, reinforcement, or reproduction of social norms and institutions” (Hufty, 2011). Thus, the following elements of the governance will be discussed during the course:
- differentactors,
- interaction and decision-makingprocesses,
- ways of solving collectiveproblem.

The theoretical reflection upon governance will be considered by stakeholder theory, legitimacy theory, institutional theory and studies of governmentality.

The examples of implications of the governance will be discussed based upon “level” of governance associated with the type of organization, i.e.:
- publicgovernance,
- corporate governance in different industries,
- global governance (at the example of ArcticCouncil).

The course seeks to directly contribute to furthering the development of studentsown research theses/dissertations, deepen their knowledge of the subject and facilitate their methodological preparedness.



expected learning outcomes

On completion of the course, the candidate will have knowledge and understandingof:
  • describe and discuss perspectives that are central for the governanceconcept;
  • theoretical and methodological approaches to governance in (e.g.legitimacy,stakeholder and institutional approaches togovernance);
  • challenges associated with governance in the Arctic private and publicsector(regulatory, social, political and economic,etc.);
  • implications of the governance research in the HighNorth.


On completion of the course, the candidate will be ableto:

 evaluate different perspectives and approaches in the researchprocess;

reflectonrelevanttheoreticalandmethodologicalassumptionsandchallengesto study a particular research problem;

elaborate questions to facilitate data collectionprocess;

beabletodiscussmultidisciplinaryapproachtogovernancewithrepresentativesfromother disciplines.


On completion of the course, the candidate will be able to:

gather and analyze research literature within governance in differentcontexts;

present own and others scholarly work in relevant forums;

address the governance in relation to enterprises in the Arctic private and public sector;

realize various opportunities for conducting his/her research on the selectedtopic;

be familiar with methodological while doing research on the businesses in the High North;

defend his/her choice of the theoretical and methodological approach to study the topic;

position his/her research in relation to other disciplines and works andexplain potential contribution and opportunities for furtherresearch.


The course is offered on a PhD-level from various fields (e.g. business studies, economics, public administration, political science, etc.). It is relevant for students at any stage of their

PhD project who are dealing with governance issues. The participators can be using diverse research methodologies.

Thisis an intensive course in two parts. First part will be 5 days in Bodø and second part for 2- 3 days will be in Russia with individual study required prior to and after all meetings. The course integrates lectures by experts in the field and discussions of the course literature by the participants. Students are supposed to present and

participate in exercises individually and in groups.

The participation in the course is based on the development of a paper to be published in working papers series or be included as a part of their PhD thesis. The number of participants should be no more than 15.


social setting of the course

The course is planned to be arranged in Norway and Russia. Both gatherings will be arranged in a seminar form with enough time for discussions. The attempt will be made to have all students living in one place in order to facilitate socializing and informal discussions. There will be a course assistant who will be responsible for the practical arrangements and social events.


Main faculty

The course will be arranged through combining the competences of High North Center for Business and Governance, Business School, Nord University and its partners in the “BUDRUS” and “EduGov” project. The invited faculty will both give lectures and provide feedback at the seminars. Faculty will be represented by the following institutions:


Exit requirements

To finish the course the PhD student is required to complete two courseparts:

  1. Participate in the course activities during first part(Bodø,Norway). Attendance at the gatherings is required, shorter absences may be approved upon application. The workload of the course is such that the course section is of 5 ECTS and this requires the completion of the individual mandatory assignment. In this mandatory course assignment students are required to elaborate on 3-4 ideas what he/she has learned that would be useful to his/her PhD work. The paper, 7 one-spaced pages in length with size 12 font, is to be submitted within two weeks of the conclusion of the first part of the course.
  2. In order to get additional 2, 5 ECTS, students are required to participate in the course activities during second part (Russia). They will need to write the critique for two other PhD students' works. All students will conduct reviews of each other’s work (oneround)and respond to critique in order to submit the final version of the paper. These reviews have to be handed in no later than 1 month after the final gathering. Each of these papers should be 3 one-spaced pages in length with size 12 font.

    There will be a pass/rewrite assessment for all papers.


The course is arranged in the form of plenary lectures, individual presentations and comments on written work. Lectures will last for 45 minutes - 1 ½ hours.

The course is organized in two parts:

The first part (May 23-27, Bodø, Norway)
introduces the need for multidisciplinary approach to governance and assists students to better possess themselves in the research field of governance in the High North. The idea is to guide students toreflectupon governance in the different contexts. As the course is organized in relationto the annual High North Dialogue conference “The Blue Future of the Arctic” hosted by the High North Center for Business and Governance, Business School, Nord University, Norway (25-26 May 2016, Bodø), several days of the course will be supplemented by the conferenceprogram.The following issues will be covered: geopolitics of the Arctic; the blue potential, Arctic innovation, future arctic leaders; High North scenarios,etc.

the course compendium will consist of 1-2 articles on each topic and will be available for students in electronic form or as a book by April 1st in order studentscomplete all of the readings prior to the course.

The second part
(September-October 2016, Russia
aims at securing students’understanding of using governance concept presented and discussed at thefirstworkshop. Students will have to present their improved papers as well as discuss the others’ works. The focus will be on methodological and practical implications associated with the research on different issues of governance in the context of High North.This will be supplemented with knowledge and experience sharing between the faculty and the students. The opportunities for joint publications will be discussedas well.

Readings: there will be no reading for the second workshop except other students’papers. More detailed course program will be provided two weeks prior to the course.


practical information

The course itself is free of charge (including conference materials and dinners).Doctoral students will have to pay for their travel and for their stay during the course.

Weadvise you to book accommodation early. For the gathering in Bodø we may assist you with renting a room in student flats, NOK300-NOK725 (please, mention this in the application form).

Important deadlines
Decisionconcerning admission is made according to the time of registration among the qualified applicants. Researchers in the field may also participate in the course.

In order to apply please submit 1) a filled application form, 2) CV and 3) abstract (3pages).
Deadline for registration: 1st of March2016.
Letters of acceptance will be sent out by 15th of March2016.


course literature

Concept of governance:

Stoker, G. (1998) Governance as theory: five propositions. International Social Science Journal, 50(155),17-28
Hufty, M. (2011). Governance: Exploring four approaches and their relevanceto research. Research for Sustainable Development: Foundations, Experiences,and Perspectives,165-183.
Djelic, M.-L. & Sahlin-Andersson, K. (2006). A World of Governance: The Riseof Transnational Regulation, in Transnational Governance: Institutional Dynamicsof Regulation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.1-28.

Theoretical framework:
Freeman, R. E. (2004). The stakeholder approach revisited. Zeitschrift fürWirtschafts- und Unternehmensethik, 5(3),228-241.
Suchman, M. C. (1995). Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches.
Academy of management review, 20(3),571-610.
Foucault, M. (1991). Governmentality, in G. Burchell, C. Gordon & P. Miller (eds),The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality,University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 87-104.
Amer,M., T. U. Daim and A. Jetter (2013) “A review of scenario planning”, Futures,46, 23-40.
Additional reading:
Donaldson,T., & Preston, L. E. (1995). The stakeholder theory of the corporation: Concepts, evidence, and implications. Academy of management Review, 20(1),65-91. Mahadeo, J. D., Oogarah-Hanuman, V., & Soobaroyen, T. (2011). Changes in social and environmental reporting practices in an emerging economy (2004–2007): Exploring the relevance of stakeholder and legitimacy theories. Accounting Forum, 35(3),158- 175.
Lemke, T. (2007). An indigestible meal? Foucault, governmentality and state theory.
Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory, 8(2),43-64.

Osborne, S. P. (2006). The New Public Governance? Public Management Review,8(3),377-387.
Nasi,J., Nasi, S., Phillips, N., & Zyglidopoulos, S. (1997). The Evolution of Corporate Social Responsiveness. An Exploratory Study of Finnish and Canadian Forestry Companies. Business &Society, 36(3), 296-321.
Young,O.R.(2010).Arcticgovernance—pathwaystothefuture.ArcticReviewonLawand Politics, 2,164-185.

Overland, I., Bambulyak, A., Bourmistrov, A., Gudmestad, O., Mellemvik, F.and Zolotukhin, A. (2015) ”Barents Sea Oil and Gas 2025: Three Scenarios” in A. Bourmistrov, Mellemvik, F., Bambulyak, A., Gudmestad, O., Overland, I. and Zolotukhin, A. (eds) InternationalArctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios,Chapter 2, Routledge Studies in Environmental Policy Series, Routledge.

Additional reading:
Xue, L. (2012). The Shifting Global Order: A Dangerous Transition or an Eraof Opportunity? Governance, 25(4), 535-538.
Salamon, L. M. (2000). New Governance and the Tools of Public Action:An Introduction, Fordham Urb. LJ, 28, 1611-1674.
Spence, J. (2014). Strengthening the Arctic Council: Insights Fromthe Architecture Behind Canadian Participation. Northern Review, (37).
Stokke,O.S.,&Hønneland,G.(Eds.).(2006).InternationalcooperationandArctic governance: regime effectiveness and northern regionbuilding. Routledge.
Paul Raimond (1996) “Two Styles of Foresight: Are We Predicting the Futureor Inventing It?”, Long Range Planning, 29, 2,208-214.
McMaster (1996) “Foresight: Exploring the Structure of the Future”, LongRange Planning, 29, 2,149-155.